Oceans require a particular level of pH to maintain the natural biochemistry needed to allow a healthy ecosystem to remain intact for the species living in the water. When oceans absorb high levels of carbon dioxide, the acidity levels raise and the natural order of the ocean becomes compromised.
This is what is known as “ocean acidification.” Calcium carbonate minerals are building blocks for skeletons and shells of marine organisms. However, continued ocean acidification is causing many parts of the ocean to become undersaturated with these minerals. The lack of these minerals is reducing the ability of some organisms to produce and maintain their shells.
Ocean acidification is linked to climate change in that a negative aspect of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere disrupts the natural order of ocean life.
More than a quarter of carbon dioxide that is released does not stay in the air, but is absorbed in the ocean. Estimates have arrived at the number of five hundred twenty five billion in regards to how many tons of carbon dioxide that has been absorbed by our oceans.
The negative effect of poor ocean biochemistry will lead to an effect not only detrimental to the world’s oceans, but to coastal communities and ultimately everyone on the planet. Local economies will suffer when fish are tainted and in low supply due to a poor food web. Fisherman will be unable to produce food for the community, and fisherman will suffer when fish cannot be sold.